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Título: Bioprospection of native and exotic marine invertebrates at Arraial do Cabo as anticancer potential against glioblastoma
Autor(es): Lopes, Giselle Pinto de Faria
Ndiaye, Noreyni Christophe Grego
Ribeiro, Jéssica Honorato
Villarinho, Nicolas
Martinez, Sabrina
Silva, Sidnei
Maia, Raquel
Coutinho, Ricardo
Biofouling, Benthic Ecology and Marine Biotechnology Meeting, 013., 2019, Arraial do Cabo (RJ)
Data do documento: 2019
Editor: Instituto de Estudos do Mar Almirante Paulo Moreira
Abstract: Marine invertebrates are source of molecules that have different ecological functions and unique complexity. Bioprospecting aims to identify the application of these molecules and their isolation. Among these applications, molecules with anticancer properties are subject to bioprospecting in natural products. The hypothesis is that the cytotoxic activity of these products is capable of inhibiting proliferation of glioblastoma, the most lethal cancer in central nervous system. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the anticancer potential of crude extracts from six marine invertebrates at Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, being: two exotic invasive species as Tubastraea coccinea and Didemnum sp.; two established exotic species as Darwinella sp. and Chromonephthea braziliensis; and two native species as Palythoa caribaeorum and Phyllogorgia dilatata. To produce de crude extracts from marine invertebrates, five different individuals were collected, fixed in ethanol 90% and triturated. Then homogenates were diluted in methanol (1:5) and evaporated using rotary evaporator for 4h at 50oC. To evaluate the anticancer evaluation, the cell viability of the T98G and U251 human glioblastoma cells and the healthy human cell fibroblast cell line was analyzed by the acid phosphatase method in both monolayer and three-dimensional cell culture models. The cells were cultured with 100, 200, 400, 800 e 1000microg/mL, and 12.5, 25, 50, 100 e 200microg/mL for Didemnum sp. Cell viability assays were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric statistical test followed by multiple comparisons to control by the Dunn's test. The values were expressed by the median and their distribution (min-max) and were considered significant when P ≤ 0.05. The anticancer evaluation, the crude extract from Didemnum sp. and T. coccinea were effective in both culture models (2D and 3D), showed selective citotoxic effect in both glioblastoma cell lines, without citotoxicity of human fibroblasts. The IC50 of the extracts was 120.6 and 432. 8 (microg /mL) for T98G cells and 63.32 and 317.2 (microg/mL) for U251 cells, of Didemnum sp. and T. coccinea, respectively. It is suggested that the exotic invasive species Didemnum sp. and T. coccinea it is found in abundance and its’ crude extracts promising for the development of biotechnological products with pharmaceutical applications. Future experiments as chemical profile will be performed to identify the active biocompounds in these crude extracts and to forward to in vivo scale for brain tumor therapeutic future approach.
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